Ielts writing task 2:

TOPIC: When designing a building, the most important factor is intended use of the building rather than its outward appearance. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Sample Essay

Building usually asks for designers’ meticulous planning on both the function and exterior of the structure. Relating to this issue, some people raise the idea that placing emphasis on the use of the building is the first and only thing to consider rather than its outside appearance. In my viewpoint, while I wholeheartedly agree with the focus on the core function, the latter should not be underestimated at all.

On the one hand, pressing on the main role of a building can help make the site become more user-friendly and therefore serve users’ purpose effectively. This principle is applied in many schools around the world in which architects paid careful attention to the design of the classrooms and other educational facilities, resulting in fascinating campuses providing ideal learning environment for students around the world. What is more, minding the fundamental function of the building could help the architects bring about practical designs that curtail unnecessary details and save cost. A typical example is low budget houses for people with average income, which optimize space and resources by focusing on the intended use.

On the other hand, concentrating on the outer appearance should not be disregarded. Firstly, fascinating outward appearance is the initial factor that captures users’ attention at first sight. This could spell the success of a building on whether people would decide to work or live in there. Furthermore, good exterior design could act as effective protection against certain discomforts of the surroundings. For example, designing heat insulation on high-rises in tropical areas would be better than installing glasses like usual skyscrapers during summer.

In conclusion, though there are indisputable advantages when emphasizing the purpose of a building, the exterior design also contributes greatly to the construction. Architects and builders should consider all the two factors.


  • meticulous planning: kế hoạch chi tiết
  • exterior: phần ngoài
  • viewpoint: quan điểm
  • user-friendly: thân thiện với người dùng
  • educational facilities: cơ sở vật chất giáo dục
  • fundamental: quan trọng
  • curtail: cắt giảm
  • low budget home: nhà giá rẻ
  • average income: thu nhập trung bình
  • disregard: bỏ qua
  • at first sight: ngay từ cái nhìn đầu
  • high-rise: nhà cao tầng
  • indisputable: không thể tranh cãi

Võ Minh Sử – Chủ sáng lập Homeschooling English Center.